Puget Sound Civil War Roundtable

Civil War Education, Remembrance and Preservation

CONFEDERATE GENERALS

LEWIS ADDISON ARMISTEAD

I am Brigadier General Lewis Addison Armistead.  I am from the Old North State, North Carolina.  I attended West Point but resigned due to academic issues and after I broke a plate over Jubal Early's head.  However, I did obtain a 2nd lieutenant's commission in the 6th U.S. Infantry about the time my class graduated.  I served at Fort Towson, Fort Washita, and in the Mexican War where I was brevetted twice and wounded.  After the war, I was posted variously in Kansas, Nebraska and Missouri.  I was involved in the Utah War and The Mojave Expedition of 1858-59.

When the War Between the States began, I was at New San Diego Depot.  By then, my friends called me "Lo", short for Lothario…mostly because I didn't resemble that Shakespearean character in the slightest.  I said farewell to my great friend Winfield Scott Hancock and joined the Confederate army as a major and departed for Texas with the Los Angeles Mounted Rifles.  I fought in the Army of Northern Virginia at Seven Pines, the Seven Days Battles, 2nd Manassas, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville.  At Gettysburg, I was among the small number of men who breached Hancock's Union lines during "Pickett's Charge", but was mortally wounded.  I am Lewis Addison Armistead.

LAURENCE SIMMONS BAKER

I am Brigadier General Laurence Simmons Baker, CSA.  I am a North Carolinian whose grandfather was a general during the American Revolution.  I graduated from West Point in 1851, served nine years in the U.S. Mounted Rifles on the western frontier, resigned my captaincy to become a lieutenant colonel of the 1st North Carolina Cavalry and fought in the Peninsula Campaign, Seven Days, 2nd Manassas and at Antietam.  I was wounded at Brandy Station, but continued fighting at the East Cavalry Field at Gettysburg.  

I was promoted to brigadier on July 23, 1863, but eight days later was severely wounded in my right arm while resisting a Federal crossing of the Rappahannock.  I was incapacitated for almost a year.  When I recovered I became commander of the Second Military District in North Carolina.    I fought to defend Savannah. and saw action in the Carolinas Campaign, including the Battle of Bentonville.  We did not surrender at the close of the war.  I merely disbanded my brigade and was formally paroled in May 1865.  I am Laurence S. Baker.

GOODE BRYAN

I am Brigadier General Goode Bryan of the Confederate States Army.  I am a native Georgian, graduated from West Point in 1834, resigned and became a planter, lawyer and politician and re-entered the service as a major to fight in the Mexican War.  When Georgia seceded, I enlisted as a captain in the 16th Georgia Infantry and was subsequently promoted to colonel.  I saw action in the Peninsula Campaign, 2nd Manassas, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg.  I never forgave Longstreet for not allowing the 16th to storm and take Little Roundtop.

I was promoted to brigadier on August 29, 1863.  I fought in the Mine Run Campaign, Chickamauga, the Knoxville Campaign, the Overland Campaign, Cold Harbor and the Siege of Petersburg.  I resigned my commission due to ill health in September 1864.  I helped establish the Confederate Survivors Association, and served as chairman of the first organization meeting.  I am Goode Bryan.

THOMAS HOWELL COBB

I am Major General Thomas Howell Cobb, CSA.  I am a native Georgian who attended the University of Georgia (GO BULLDOGS!), was admitted to the bar in 1836, served in the U.S. House of Representatives, became Speaker of the House, Governor of Georgia, Secretary of the Treasury and served as President of the Confederate Provisional Congress.

As a founder of the Confederacy, I enlisted in the Confederate Army and was named colonel of the 16th Georgia Infantry.  I was appointed brigadier on February 13, 1862.  I succeeded in reaching the Dix-Hill Cartel accord in July 1862.  I saw action in the Peninsula Campaign, the Seven Days Battles, the Battle of South Mountain and the Battle of Sharpsburg.  It was my idea to develop a prisoner-of-war camp in southern Georgia…which became Andersonville.  During Sherman's devastation of Georgia, I commanded the Georgia Reserve Corps.  My plantation was razed by Sherman.  I surrendered in Macon on April 20, 1865.  I am Thomas Howell Cobb.

NATHAN GEORGE EVANS

I am Brigadier General Nathan George "Shanks" Evans, a South Carolinian.  Before attending West Point, I was briefly enrolled in Randolph-Macon College.  After graduation in 1848, I served on the western frontier with the dragoons and cavalry.  In 1861, I resigned my commission and entered Confederate service as a colonel.

At Manassas, I commanded a brigade and was the first to notice that McDowell was attacking our left flank at dawn.  In October 1861, my brigade crossed the Potomac at the eve of Balls Bluff where we forced the Yankees into the river with grew loss.  Following the battle, I was promoted to brigadier.  I was given command of a coastal defense brigade south of Charleston.  In July 1862, my newest command of South Carolinians joined the Army of Northern Virginia and fought at 2nd Manassas, South Mountain and Antietam.  I was assigned to Eastern Carolina and was tried and acquitted for drunkenness during the Battle of Kinston.

In 1863, we were assigned to Joe Johnston during the Vicksburg campaign, but we returned to Charleston after its surrender.  I was again tried and acquitted, this time for disobedience.  After some issue with Beauregard, I was reinstated in 1864 with a command, but was severely injured in a buggy accident in Charleston.  During my convalescence, my command was atop the mine at Petersburg and suffered greatly.  While not fully recovered, I served President Davis and assisted his exit from Richmond, accompanying him until May 1st, 1865.  I am Nathan George Evans.

JOHN ECHOLS

I am Brigadier General John Echols, CSA.  I am a Virginian who was educated at VMI, Washington College and Harvard.  As a lawyer, I represented Monroe County during the Virginia Secession Convention in 1861.  Following the vote for secession, I became a lieutenant colonel and recruited other Virginians.  I commanded the 27th Virginia under Stonewall Jackson at 1st Manassas.

During the Valley Campaign, I was promoted to colonel and was severely wounded.  While recovering, I was promoted to brigadier on April 16, 1862.  I served in Western Virginia, occupying Kanawaha Valley, commanding the Department of Western Virginia and reoccupying Charlestown.

I resigned my departmental command and served on a 3-man court of inquiry to determine the cause of the fall of Vicksburg during the summer of 1863.  Later, I commanded a force at the Battle of Droop Mountain.  In 1864, I fought at the Battle of New Market.  Reuniting with General Lee, I fought at Cold Harbor and commanded the District of Southwestern Virginia.  I accompanied President Jefferson Davis on his escape to Augusta.  I am John Echols.

FRANKLIN GARDNER

I am Brigadier General Franklin Gardner, CSA.  I am a New Yorker.  I graduated from West Point in the class of 1843.  I married the daughter of the governor of Louisiana.  I was assigned to the 7th Infantry and fought in the Mexican War where I was brevetted twice for bravery.

When the War Between the States broke out, I resigned my commission from my posting in Utah and returned to Louisiana and joined the CSA as a colonel.  I fought at Shiloh and Perryville before being assigned to command the fortifications at Port Hudson.  With my skills as an engineer, I designed and managed the development of the near impregnible landward defenses of Port Hudson.  However, as the siege progressed, and with the fall of Vicksburg, it became apparent that we must surrender.  I surrendered on July 9, 1863, was taken to a Union prison camp, released in 1864 and I served under General Richard Taylor until the end of the war.  I am Franklin Gardner.

EDWARD "ALLEGHENY" JOHNSON

I am Major General Edward "Allegheny" Johnson, CSA.  I am a Virginian.  I graduated from West Point in 1838 and began my military career in the 6th U.S. Infantry, served in the Seminole Wars, fought in the Mexican War, receiving two brevet promotions and served in the Dakota Territory, California, Kansas and the Utah Expedition.

Resigning my commission, I received a colonelcy in the 12th Georgia Infantry, CSA in July 1861.  I fought with General Lee in Western Virginia at Rich Mountain, Cheat Mountain and Greenbrier River.  I was promoted to brigadier on December 13,  In 1862.  I fought with Stonewall Jackson, fighting at the Battle of McDowell where I was shot in the  ankle.  After my convalescence, I commanded the "Stonewall Division" under Ewell and fought in the Gettysburg Campaign where I became known as "Old Clubby" due to my ankle disability.  I played a prominent role in the Mine Run Campaign.  

During the Overland Campaign, my men fought heroically at the Wilderness, but I was captured with most of my division at the Bloody Angle in Spotsylvania.  I was imprisoned until August 1864, was sent west with Hood's army, but was captured again at the Battle of Nashville in December.  Sent to Johnson's Island on Lake Erie, I was somehow accused of involvement in the assassination of Lincoln.  But, I was finally  paroled in July 1865.  I am Edward Johnson.

EVANDER McIVOR LAW

I am Brigadier General Evander McIvor Law.  I am a South Carolinian.  I attended the South Carolina Military Academy (The Citadel) in 1856, became a professor of history at Kings Mountain Military Academy and formed the Military High School in Tuskegee, Alabama.  

When Alabama seceded, I joined the Alabama Militia as a captain, transferred to the CSA's 4th Alabama Infantry (Alabama Zouaves), and fought at 1st Manassas under Bee where I was wounded. I led my brigade in the Peninsula Campaign, the Seven Days Battle, and with fellow brigade commander J B Hood, led the two-pronged attack at the Battle of Malvern Hill.  Hood and I led the same tandem attack against Pope at 2nd Manassas.  My brigade defended the cornfield at Antietam at high cost.  I was promoted to brigadier on October 3, 1862.  

On the 2nd day at Gettysburg, my brigade was unsuccessful when we assaulted the Union left on Little Roundtop and the Devil's Den.  I assumed command of the Division under Longstreet when Hood was wounded.  On July 3, we defended against that suicidal cavalry attack by Kilpatrick and Farnsworth.  When we left the ANV for Tennessee to join Bragg, we won victory at the Battle of Chickamauga.  But, Longstreet and I had a bitter dispute over who should assume command of Hood's division after his wounding.  In fact, I was under arrest and in the rear during the Wilderness and Spotsylvania Court House and didn't take command of my brigade until Cold Harbor.  I was transferred to South Carolina where I fought at Bentonville and finished the war.  I am Evander McIvor Law.

WILLIAM MAHONE

I am Major General William Mahone, CSA.  I am a Virginian who graduated from VMI and became a civil engineer, teacher, soldier, railroad executive, member of the Virginia General Assembly and U.S. Congressman.  I was known as "Little Billy" due to my size.  

When the War Between the States began, as a Virginian, I sided with the Confederacy.  I fought in the Peninsula Campaign, 2nd Manassas, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the Overland Campaign and the Appomattox Campaign.  I'm best known for leading my men against the Yankee horde during the Battle of the Crater.  We were successful in repelling that cowardly assault.  I am William Mahone.

DABNEY H. MAURY

I am Major General Dabney Herndon Maury, a Virginian who was raised by my uncle, Matthew Fontaine Maury.  I studied law in Fredericksburg, graduated from the University of Virginia and completed my studies, graduating in the 1846 class of West Point.  I served during the Mexican War and was so severely wounded at the Battle of Cerro Gordo that my arm was amputated.  I was brevetted for bravery and, upon my recovery, reassigned as an instructor at West Point where I worked for 5 years.  Returning to the field, I served in the Oregon Territory and the Texas frontier.  I commanded the cavalry school at Carlisle Barracks and wrote Tactics for Mounted Rifles which became a standard text.

When the firing at Fort Sumter began, I left my position as assistant adjutant general in the New Mexico Territory and resigned my commission.  I joined the Confederate Army as a colonel.  I became chief of staff under General Earl Van Dorn.  After Pea Ridge, I became a brigadier.  I led a division at the Second Battle of Corinth and became a major general in November 1862.  I was at Vicksburg and Mobile.  I ended my career as commander of the Department of the Gulf.  I am Dabney Herndon Maury.

JOHN GEORGE WALKER

I am Major General John George Walker, CSA.  I was born in Jefferson City, Missouri, grew up in St. Louis and graduated from Eliot Seminary (Washington University) in 1844.  I joined the US Army in 1846, was commissioned a 1st lieutenant and served with distinction in the Mexican War.  In 1861, I joined the CSA as a major in the cavalry.  I served as a lt. colonel of the 8th Texas Cavalry in the Department of North Carolina.  I became a brigadier in January 1862 and served in the Peninsula Campaign and was wounded at Malvern Hill.  I saw action at Harpers Ferry, South Mountain and Antietam.  

Promoted to major general, I was transferred to the Trans-Mississippi and commanded the "Walker Greyhounds" who were engaged at the Battles of Young's Point and Milliken's Bend.  We also fought against Banks in the Red River Campaign, winning victory at the Battle of Mansfield on April 8, 1864.  At the War's close, I commanded the District of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.  I am John George Walker.