Puget Sound Civil War Roundtable

Civil War Education, Remembrance and Preservation

1861

January 



January 9, 1861 -
Mississippi secedes & Star of the West fired upon
January 10, 1861 -
Florida secedes
January 11, 1861 -
Alabama secedes
January 19, 1861 -
Georgia secedes
January 21, 1861 - Five Southern members of U.S. Senate withdraw.
January 21, 1861 - Senator Jefferson Davis delivers his
Farewell Speech before the U.S. Senate.
January 21, 1861 - The U.S. Senate passed the Kansas admission bill.
January 26, 1861 -
Louisiana secedes
January 28, 1861 - U.S. House passed an amended bill admitting Kansas to the Union.
January 29, 1861 - President Buchanan signed the bill and
Kansas admitted to the Union as a “free” state.
February 



February 1, 1861 -
Texas convention votes for secession.
February 4, 1861 - 1st session of Provisional Confederate Congress convenes as a convention.
February 4, 1861 - The Washington Peace Conference convened at the Willard Hotel in Washington City. This was the last effort by states to avert the coming Civil War.
February 9, 1861 - CSA formed with Jefferson Davis as President
February 11, 1861 - President-elect Lincoln departs his home and delivers a
farewell speech at Springfield, Illinois.
February 11, 1861 -
Journey of the President Elect written by a journalist who accompanied the Lincoln train.
February 11, 1861 - President-elect Lincoln delivers remarks at the following stops that day:
Tolono, Illinois;
Indiana State Line;
LaFayette, Indiana;
Indianapolis, Indiana; and
Bates House Balcony, Indianapolis, Indiana
February 12, 1861 - President-elect Lincoln delivers remarks at the following stops that day:
Bates House Balcony;
Cincinnati, Ohio; and
German audience in Cincinnati, Ohio.
February 13, 1861 - President-elect Lincoln delivers remarks at the following stops that day:
London, Ohio;
Ohio State Legislature, Columbus, Ohio; and
Steps of the Capital, Columbus, Ohio.
February 14, 1861 - President-elect Lincoln delivers remarks at the following stops that day:
Newark, Ohio;
Cadiz Junction, Ohio;
Steubenville, Ohio;
Wellsville, Ohio;
Rochester, Pennsylvania;
The Monongahela House, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; and
Balcony of the Monongahela House, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
February 15, 1861 - President-elect Lincoln delivers remarks at the following stops that day:
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania;
Alliance, Ohio;
Hudson, Ohio;
Ravenna, Ohio; and
Cleveland, Ohio.
February 15, 1861 - President-elect Lincoln responds to a request of the Select and Common Councils of
Philadelphia.
February 16, 1861 - President-elect Lincoln delivers remarks at the following stops that day:
Painesville, Ohio;
Ashtabula, Ohio;
Conneaut, Ohio;
Erie, Pennsylvania;
Westfield, New York;
Dunkirk, New York; and
Buffalo, New York.
February 18, 1861 - President-elect Lincoln delivers remarks at the following stops that day:
New York State Legislature, Albany, New York.
February 18, 1861 - President-elect Lincoln responds to a request of M.I. Townsend and Committee of
Troy, New York.
February 18, 1861 -
Jefferson Davis's First Inaugural Address .
February 19, 1861 - President-elect Lincoln delivers remarks at the following stops that day:
Troy, New York;
Upon Arriving at New York City; and
The Astor House, New York City.
February 19, 1861 - President-elect Lincoln responds to a request of
Brooklyn Common Council Committee and the People of Newark, New Jersey.
February 20, 1861 - President-elect Lincoln delivers remarks at the following stops that day:
New York City, New York.
February 21, 1861 - President-elect Lincoln delivers remarks at the following stops that day:
Jersey City, New Jersey;
Newark, New Jersey;
New Brunswick, New Jersey;
New Jersey Senate, Trenton, New Jersey;
New Jersey General Assembly,
Trenton House, Trenton, New Jersey; and
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
February 21, 1861 - President-elect Lincoln responds to a request for a delegation from
Wilmington, Delaware.
February 22, 1861 - President-elect Lincoln delivers remarks at the following stops that day:
Independence Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania;
Flag-raising, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania;
Leaman Place, Pennsylvania;
Lancaster, Pennsylvania;
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania; and
General Assembly of Pennsylvania, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
February 23, 1861 - Texas voters approve secession.
February 28, 1861 - U.S. House of Representatives passes
The Corwin Amendment, a last ditch effort to avert the Civil War.
March 



March 2, 1861 - U.S. Senate passes
The Corwin Amendment
March 4, 1861 - Abraham Lincoln inaugurated as President and delivers his
First Inaugural Address. He endorses The Corwin Amendment in an effort to stave off war.
March 11, 1861 - The confederacy adopts the
Constitution of the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy presently includes only the seven states of the Deep South Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina and Texas.
March 12, 1861 - Andrew Stephens delivers his
Cornerstone Speech at Savannah, Georgia
March 16, 1861 - 1st Session, Provisional Confederate Congress, adjourns.
March 28 - Special Senate Session of 37th Congress adjourns.
April 



April 12, 1861 - Fort Sumter attacked by General PGT Beauregard. …And the war came.
April 12, 1861 - President Davis issues a
Proclamation.
April 13, 1861 - Fort Sumter surrenders.
April 15, 1861 -
President Lincoln issues proclamation calling for 75,000 militiamen & calling special session of Congress
April 15, 1861 - Colonel Robert E. Lee declines command of Union Army.
April 17, 1861 -
Virginia secedes.
April 17, 1861 - President Davis issues a
Proclamation.
April 19, 1861 - President Lincoln issues
proclamation to blockade Southern ports
April 19, 1861 - 6th Massachusetts attacked by Baltimore mob.
April 20, 1861 -
Colonel Robert E. Lee resigns commission with U.S. Army
April 20, 1861 - General Robert E. Lee takes command of the Virginia military forces
April 20, 1861 - Norfolk, Virginia Navy Yard evacuated.
April 21, 1861 -
Correspondence between Henry Hunt & Braxton Bragg
April 29, 1861 - 2nd Session, Provisional Confederate Congress, convenes.
April 29, 1861 - Maryland rejects secession.
April 29, 1861 - President Davis delivers an
Address to the Confederate Congress.
May 



May 3, 1861 - General Scott releases the "
Anaconda Plan"
May 6, 1861 -
Arkansas secedes.
May 6, 1861 -
Tennessee legislature calls for popular vote on secession.
May 10, 1861 - Union captures Camp Jackson.
May 10, 1861 - A riot breaks out in St. Louis.
May 13, 1861 - Baltimore is occupied by Union troops.
May 13, 1861 - The Ohio General Assembly becomes the first state to ratify The Corwin Amendment.
May 20, 1861 -
North Carolina secedes.
May 21, 1861 - 2nd Session, Provisional Confederate Congress, adjourns.
May 23, 1861 - Virginia voters approve secession.
May 24, 1861 - Union troops seize Alexandria, Virginia.
June 



June 1, 1861 - Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia
June 3, 1861 - Battle of Philippi (Western Virginia)
June 8, 1861 - Tennessee voters approve secession.
June 10, 1861 - Battle of Big Bethel (Virginia).
June 17, 1861 - Battle of Boonesville (Missouri)
July 



July 2, 1861 - President Lincoln issues his suspension of habeas corpus on corridor between Philadelphia and Washington City.
July 4, 1861 - 1st Session, 37th U.S. Congress, convenes.
July 4, 1861 - President Lincoln delivers an eloquent
Independence Day Message to Congress.
July 4, 1861 - Congress authorized Lincoln’s call for enlistment.
July 4, 1861 - Noted abolitionist
Wendell Phillips delivers a speech at the Anti-Slavery Celebration in Framingham, Massachusetts
July 5, 1861 - Battle of Carthage (Missouri)
July 11, 1861 - Battle of Rich Mountain (Western Virginia)
July 13, 1861 - Battle of Carrick’s Ford (Western Virginia)
July 18, 1861 - Battle of Blackburn’s Ford (Virginia)
July 20, 1861 - 3rd Session, Provisional Confederate Congress, convenes.
July 21, 1861 - First Battle of Bull Run and defeat of General Irvin
McDowell.
July 22, 1861 - U.S. Senate passes the
Clark Resolution declaring that the war is being fought to "preserve the Union".
July 27, 1861 - President Lincoln appoints General McClellan Commander of the Department of the Potomac.
August 



August 4, 1861 -
Letter President Davis to General Beauregard
August 6, 1861 - Congress passes the
Confiscation Act of 1861
August 6, 1861 - 1st Session, 37th Congress adjourns.
August 10, 1861 - Battle of Wilson’ Creek
August 27, 1861 - Fort Clark, North Carolina, captured by Union.
August 28, 1861 - Fort Hatteras, North Carolina, surrenders to the Union.
August 30, 1861 - General John C. Fremont issues
Proclamation freeing the slaves in Missouri.
August 31, 1861 - 3rd Session, Provisional Confederate Congress adjourns.
September 



September 1861 -
Frederick Douglass delivers a major speech on the Mission of the War
September 3, 1861 - 4th (called) Session, Provisional Confederate Congress, convenes and adjourns.
September 3, 1861 - Confederate troops enter Kentucky under General Leonidas Polk and ends the state’s neutrality.
September 6, 1861 - Union troops capture Paducah, Kentucky.
September 10, 1861 - Battle of Carnifax Ferry (Virginia)
September 10, 1861 -
Letter General Johnston to President Davis
September 11, 1861 -
President Lincoln repudiates General Fremont's proclamation, relieves the general and replaces him with General David Hunter.
September 11-15, 1861 - Cheat Mountain Campaign
September 12, 1861 -
Letter General Johnston to President Davis
September 12-20, 1861 - Siege of Lexington, Missouri
September 13, 1861 -
Letter President Davis to General Johnston
September 14, 1861 -
Letter President Davis to General Johnston
September 20, 1861 - Lexington, Missouri, surrenders to Confederates.
October 



October 21, 1861 -
Battle of Ball’s Bluff (Virginia)
October 30, 1861 -
Letter President Davis to General Beauregard
November 



November 1, 1861 - President Lincoln appoints General McClellan as General-in-Chief of all Union forces and accepts resignation of General Winfield Scott.
November 3, 1861 -
Letter General Beauregard to Editors
November 3, 1861 -
Letter President Davis to General Johnston
November 6, 1861 - Jefferson Davis elected regular president of the Confederacy.
November 7, 1861 - Belmont, Missouri and Port Royal, South Carolina, fall to the Union.
November 8, 1861 - The Trent Affair – Seizure of CSA diplomats from aboard British vessel – HMS Trent by USS San Jacinto.
November 10, 1861 -
Letter General Johnston to President Davis
November 18, 1861 - 5th Session, Provisional Confederate Congress, convenes.
November 28, 1861 - Missouri admitted to Confederacy despite having not seceded.
November 30, 1861 -
Secretary Welles sends congratulatory letter to Captain Wilkes for seizure of the HMS Trent.
December 



December 2, 1861 - 2nd Session, 37th U.S. Congress, convenes.
December 3, 1861 - President Lincoln delivers a
Message to Congress (State of the Union Address)
December 9, 1861 -
The U.S. Congress created the Joint Committee on the Conduct of War (also known as the War Committee).
December 13, 1861 - Battle of Camp Allegheny (Western Virginia)
December 20, 1861 - Battle of Dranesville (Virginia)